USS Skate (SSN-578)

USS Skate (SSN-578), the second submarine of the United States Navy named for the skate, a type of ray, was the lead ship of the Skate class of nuclear submarines. It was the third nuclear submarine commissioned, the first to make a completely submerged trans-Atlantic crossing, and the second submarine to reach the North Pole and the first to surface there.
The contract to build her was awarded to the Electric Boat division of General Dynamics on 18 July 1955, and her keel was laid in Groton, Connecticut on 21 July 1955. She was launched on 16 May 1957 sponsored by Mrs. Lewis L. Strauss, and commissioned on 23 December 1957 with Commander James F. Calvert in command.
Second boat series USS Swordfish (SSN-579) and two more boats (USS Sargo (SSN-583) and USS Seadragon (SSN-584)),ordered September 29, 1955, were laid in 1956. In 1957-58 they were launched, and in 1959 were all in the ranks where he served until the end of the 80s of the 20th century.
On 30 July, Skate steamed to the Arctic where she operated under the ice for 10 days. During this time, she surfaced nine times through the ice, navigated over 2,400 miles (3,900 km) under it, and on 11 August, 9:47 pm EDT became the second sea ship to reach the North Pole, and first to surface there, earning the Navy Unit Commendation award for "... braving the hazards of the polar ice pack...." Despite numerous surfacings through the icepack, the surfacing at the North Pole was notable due to the lack of ice around the pole. On 23 August, she steamed into Bergen, Norway. The submarine made port calls in the Netherlands, Belgium, and France before returning to New London on 25 September 1958.
Skate was decommissioned on 12 September 1986, stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 30 October 1986, and disposed of by submarine recycling at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on 6 March 1995
Specification: Length - 81,6 m, Beam - 7,6 m, Displacement (tons): - 2360 surfaced; - 2848 submerged Speed (knots): -15 surfaced; - 20 submerged Equipage - 84. Armament: 8x533 mm torpedo tube, 24 torpedo.

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