The BTR-60PB

The BTR-60PB armored personnel carrier is a further development of the previous BTR-60PA. This APC was produced in large numbers. Its production commenced in 1966 and ceased in 1987. For a long period of time the BTR-60PB was used to transport Soviet motorized infantry troops. It has also been exported to a number of countries. Despite its age, the BTR-60PB is still in service with at least 30 operators worldwide.
This armored personnel carrier has a welded steel hull. Armor protection has been improved over the previous model. It provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. All-round protection is against 7.62-mm rounds from a 100 m range. In combat order front windscreens are covered with armored shutters. The BTR-60PB is equipped with an NBC protection system.
The BTR-60PB is fitted with a turret, which mounts a 14.5-mm heavy machine gun and coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun. It is worth mentioning that the previous BTR-60PA had no turret. This turret was originally developed for the BRDM-2 armored scout car. The 14.5-mm MG penetrates 32 mm armor plate at 500 m range.
The BTR-60PB accommodates eight soldiers, plus the crew of two. Troops enter and leave the vehicle via side or roof hatches. There are a number of firing ports provided for the occupants.
Engine compartment of the BTR-60PB is located at the rear of the hull. Later it appeared that such layout has some disadvantages. This armored vehicle is powered by two GAZ-49B petrol engines, developing 90 hp each. These are standard truck engines, produced in quantity. This APC also uses a number of other standard automotive components. In case of emergency, the BTR-60PB can move with one engine disabled. Also it will keep on moving without any two wheels. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. The BTR-60PB is fully amphibious. On water it is propelled by a single waterjet. Mobility of this armored vehicle allowed to operate alongside tanks.
It was used by Soviet troops in a number of armed conflicts, including in the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. And in the beginning of the war in Afghanistan. In all there were about 25 000 vehicles of various modifications. Currently, BTR-60PB is in service with more than 30 countries. In Ukraine, the BTR-60PB used units of the army and the National Guard to repel Russian aggression in the east. These machines were not in service with the Army of Ukraine and were removed from the preservation during the conduct of hostilities.

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